Class MeasurementRange<E extends Number & Comparable<? super E>>

  • Type Parameters:
    E - the type of range elements as a subclass of Number.
    All Implemented Interfaces:
    Serializable, Formattable, Checked­Container<E>, Emptiable

    public class MeasurementRange<E extends Number & Comparable<? super E>>
    extends NumberRange<E>
    A range of numbers associated with a unit of measurement. All operations performed by this class (union, intersection, etc.) are performed in the unit of measurement of this range object - values of the range object given in argument are converted if needed before an operation is applied.

    Other methods defined in this class:

    • Convenience create(…) static methods for every floating point primitive types. Usage of Measurement­Range with integer types is possible, but no convenience method is provided for integers because they are usually not representative of the nature of physical measurements.
    • unit() for getting the unit of measurement associated to this range.
    • convert­To(Unit) for converting the unit of measurement.
    • cast­To(Class) for casting the range values to an other type.
    Null unit of measurement
    The unit of measurement should not be null, otherwise a Number­Range should be used instead than Measurement­Range. Nevertheless this class is tolerant to null units in order to support situations where a unit of measurement should be specified, but for some reason is unavailable. If the unit of measurement become known at a later stage, it can be specified by a call to convert­To(Unit).
    Immutability and thread safety
    This class is immutable and thus inherently thread-safe. Subclasses may or may not be immutable, at implementation choice. But implementers are encouraged to make sure that subclasses remain immutable for more predictable behavior.
    Since:
    0.3
    See Also:
    Range­Format, Range­Set, Serialized Form

    Defined in the sis-utility module

    • Constructor Detail

      • MeasurementRange

        public MeasurementRange​(Range<E> range,
                                Unit<?> unit)
        Constructs a range with the same values than the specified range and the given unit. This is a copy constructor, with the addition of a unit of measurement.
        Parameters:
        range - the range to copy. The elements must be Number instances.
        unit - the unit of measurement, or null if unknown.
      • MeasurementRange

        public MeasurementRange​(Class<E> type,
                                ValueRange range,
                                Unit<?> unit)
                         throws IllegalArgumentException
        Constructs a range of the given type with values from the given annotation. This constructor does not verify if the given type is wide enough for the values of the given annotation, because those information are usually static. If nevertheless the given type is not wide enough, then the values are truncated in the same way than the Java language casts primitive types.
        Parameters:
        type - the element type, restricted to one of Byte, Short, Integer, Long, Float or Double.
        range - the range of values.
        unit - the unit of measurement, or null if unknown.
        Throws:
        Illegal­Argument­Exception - if the given type is not one of the primitive wrappers for numeric types.
      • MeasurementRange

        public MeasurementRange​(Class<E> type,
                                E minValue,
                                boolean isMinIncluded,
                                E maxValue,
                                boolean isMaxIncluded,
                                Unit<?> unit)
        Constructs a range of Number objects.
        Parameters:
        type - the element type, usually one of Float or Double.
        min­Value - the minimal value, or null if none.
        is­Min­Included - true if the minimal value is inclusive, or false if exclusive.
        max­Value - the maximal value, or null if none.
        is­Max­Included - true if the maximal value is inclusive, or false if exclusive.
        unit - the unit of measurement, or null if unknown.
    • Method Detail

      • create

        public static MeasurementRange<Float> create​(float minValue,
                                                     boolean isMinIncluded,
                                                     float maxValue,
                                                     boolean isMaxIncluded,
                                                     Unit<?> unit)
        Constructs a range of float values. The minimum and maximum values can not be NaN but can be infinite. If the minimum is greater than the maximum, then the range is empty. This method may return a shared instance, at implementation choice.
        Parameters:
        min­Value - the minimal value, or Float​.NEGATIVE_INFINITY if none.
        is­Min­Included - true if the minimal value is inclusive, or false if exclusive.
        max­Value - the maximal value, or Float​.POSITIVE_INFINITY if none.
        is­Max­Included - true if the maximal value is inclusive, or false if exclusive.
        unit - the unit of measurement, or null if unknown.
        Returns:
        the new range of numeric values for the given endpoints and unit of measurement.
        Throws:
        Illegal­Argument­Exception - if Float​.is­Na­N(float) is true for a given value.
      • create

        public static MeasurementRange<Double> create​(double minValue,
                                                      boolean isMinIncluded,
                                                      double maxValue,
                                                      boolean isMaxIncluded,
                                                      Unit<?> unit)
        Constructs a range of double values. The minimum and maximum values can not be NaN but can be infinite. If the minimum is greater than the maximum, then the range is empty. This method may return a shared instance, at implementation choice.
        Parameters:
        min­Value - the minimal value, or Double​.NEGATIVE_INFINITY if none.
        is­Min­Included - true if the minimal value is inclusive, or false if exclusive.
        max­Value - the maximal value, or Double​.POSITIVE_INFINITY if none.
        is­Max­Included - true if the maximal value is inclusive, or false if exclusive.
        unit - the unit of measurement, or null if unknown.
        Returns:
        the new range of numeric values for the given endpoints and unit of measurement.
        Throws:
        Illegal­Argument­Exception - if Double​.is­Na­N(double) is true for a given value.
      • createGreaterThan

        public static MeasurementRange<Double> createGreaterThan​(double minValue,
                                                                 Unit<?> unit)
        Constructs a range of double values greater than the given value. The min­Value is often zero for creating a range of strictly positive values. This method may return a shared instance, at implementation choice.
        Parameters:
        min­Value - the minimal value (exclusive), or Double​.NEGATIVE_INFINITY if none.
        unit - the unit of measurement, or null if unknown.
        Returns:
        the new range of numeric values greater than the given value.
        Throws:
        Illegal­Argument­Exception - if Double​.is­Na­N(double) is true for the given value.
        Since:
        0.6
      • createBestFit

        public static MeasurementRange<?> createBestFit​(Number minValue,
                                                        boolean isMinIncluded,
                                                        Number maxValue,
                                                        boolean isMaxIncluded,
                                                        Unit<?> unit)
        Constructs a range using the smallest type of Number that can hold the given values. This method performs the same work than Number­Range​.create­Best­Fit(…) with an additional unit argument.

        This method may return a shared instance, at implementation choice.

        Parameters:
        min­Value - the minimal value, or null if none.
        is­Min­Included - true if the minimal value is inclusive, or false if exclusive.
        max­Value - the maximal value, or null if none.
        is­Max­Included - true if the maximal value is inclusive, or false if exclusive.
        unit - the unit of measurement, or null if unknown.
        Returns:
        the new range, or null if both min­Value and max­Value are null.
        See Also:
        Number­Range​.create­Best­Fit(Number, boolean, Number, boolean)
      • unit

        public Unit<?> unit()
        Returns the unit of measurement, or null if unknown. In principle the unit should never be null, otherwise a Number­Range should have been used instead than Measurement­Range. Nevertheless this method may return null if a unit should exist but for some reason is unavailable.
        Returns:
        the unit of measurement, or null.
      • convertTo

        public MeasurementRange<E> convertTo​(Unit<?> targetUnit)
                                      throws IncommensurableException
        Converts this range to the specified unit. If this measurement range has null unit, then the specified target unit are simply assigned to the returned range with no other changes.
        Parameters:
        target­Unit - the target unit, or null for keeping the unit unchanged.
        Returns:
        the converted range, or this if no conversion is needed.
        Throws:
        Incommensurable­Exception - if the target unit are not compatible with this range unit.
      • castTo

        public <N extends Number & Comparable<? super N>> MeasurementRange<N> castTo​(Class<N> type)
        Casts this range to the specified type. If the cast from this range type to the given type is a narrowing conversion, then the cast is performed according the rules of the Java language: the high-order bytes are silently dropped.
        Overrides:
        cast­To in class Number­Range<E extends Number & Comparable<? super E>>
        Type Parameters:
        N - the class to cast to.
        Parameters:
        type - the class to cast to. Must be one of Byte, Short, Integer, Long, Float or Double.
        Returns:
        the casted range, or this if this range already uses the specified type.
      • contains

        public boolean contains​(Range<? extends E> range)
                         throws IllegalArgumentException
        Returns true if the supplied range is fully contained within this range. If the given range is an instance of Measurement­Range, then this method converts the value of the other range to the unit of measurement of this range before to perform the operation.
        Overrides:
        contains in class Range<E extends Number & Comparable<? super E>>
        Parameters:
        range - the range to check for inclusion in this range.
        Returns:
        true if the given range is included in this range.
        Throws:
        Illegal­Argument­Exception - if the given range is an instance of Measurement­Range using incommensurable unit of measurement.
      • intersects

        public boolean intersects​(Range<? extends E> range)
                           throws IllegalArgumentException
        Returns true if this range intersects the given range. If the given range is an instance of Measurement­Range, then this method converts the value of the other range to the unit of measurement of this range before to perform the operation.
        Overrides:
        intersects in class Range<E extends Number & Comparable<? super E>>
        Parameters:
        range - the range to check for intersection with this range.
        Returns:
        true if the given range intersects this range.
        Throws:
        Illegal­Argument­Exception - if the given range is an instance of Measurement­Range using incommensurable unit of measurement.
      • intersect

        public Range<E> intersect​(Range<E> range)
                           throws IllegalArgumentException
        Returns the intersection between this range and the given range. If the given range is an instance of Measurement­Range, then this method converts the value of the other range to the unit of measurement of this range before to perform the operation.
        Overrides:
        intersect in class Range<E extends Number & Comparable<? super E>>
        Parameters:
        range - the range to intersect.
        Returns:
        the intersection of this range with the given range.
        Throws:
        Illegal­Argument­Exception - if the given range is an instance of Measurement­Range using incommensurable unit of measurement.
      • union

        public Range<E> union​(Range<E> range)
                       throws IllegalArgumentException
        Returns the union of this range with the given range. If the given range is an instance of Measurement­Range, then this method converts the value of the other range to the unit of measurement of this range before to perform the operation.
        Overrides:
        union in class Range<E extends Number & Comparable<? super E>>
        Parameters:
        range - the range to add to this range.
        Returns:
        the union of this range with the given range.
        Throws:
        Illegal­Argument­Exception - if the given range is an instance of Measurement­Range using incommensurable unit of measurement.
      • subtract

        public Range<E>[] subtract​(Range<E> range)
                            throws IllegalArgumentException
        Returns the range of values that are in this range but not in the given range. This method returns an array of length 0, 1 or 2:
        • If the given range contains fully this range, returns an array of length 0.
        • If the given range is in the middle of this range, then the subtraction results in two disjoint ranges which will be returned as two elements in the array.
        • Otherwise returns an array of length 1.
        If the given range is an instance of Measurement­Range, then this method converts the value of the other range to the unit of measurement of this range before to perform the operation.
        Overrides:
        subtract in class Range<E extends Number & Comparable<? super E>>
        Parameters:
        range - the range to subtract.
        Returns:
        this range without the given range, as an array of length 0, 1 or 2.
        Throws:
        Illegal­Argument­Exception - if the given range is an instance of Measurement­Range using incommensurable unit of measurement.
      • hashCode

        public int hashCode()
        Returns a hash code value for this measurement range.
        Overrides:
        hash­Code in class Range<E extends Number & Comparable<? super E>>
        Returns: