Class ImmutableEnvelope

All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, Emptiable, Envelope

public final class ImmutableEnvelope extends AbstractEnvelope implements Serializable
An immutable Envelope (a minimum bounding box or rectangle) of arbitrary dimension. This class is final in order to ensure that the immutability contract can not be broken (assuming not using Java Native Interface or reflections).

Immutability and thread safety

This final class is immutable and thus inherently thread-safe if the Coordinate­Reference­System instance given to the constructor is immutable. This is usually the case in Apache SIS.
Since:
0.3
See Also:

Defined in the sis-referencing module

  • Constructor Details

    • ImmutableEnvelope

      public ImmutableEnvelope(DirectPosition lowerCorner, DirectPosition upperCorner) throws MismatchedDimensionException, MismatchedReferenceSystemException
      Constructs an envelope defined by two corners given as direct positions. The envelope CRS will be the CRS of the given positions.
      Parameters:
      lower­Corner - the limits in the direction of decreasing coordinate values for each dimension.
      upper­Corner - the limits in the direction of increasing coordinate values for each dimension.
      Throws:
      Mismatched­Dimension­Exception - if the two positions do not have the same dimension.
      Mismatched­Reference­System­Exception - if the CRS of the two position are not equal.
    • ImmutableEnvelope

      public ImmutableEnvelope(double[] lowerCorner, double[] upperCorner, CoordinateReferenceSystem crs) throws MismatchedDimensionException
      Constructs an envelope defined by two corners given as sequences of coordinate values.
      Parameters:
      lower­Corner - the limits in the direction of decreasing coordinate values for each dimension.
      upper­Corner - the limits in the direction of increasing coordinate values for each dimension.
      crs - the CRS to assign to this envelope, or null.
      Throws:
      Mismatched­Dimension­Exception - if the two sequences do not have the same length, or if the dimension of the given CRS is not equals to the dimension of the given corners.
    • ImmutableEnvelope

      public ImmutableEnvelope(GeographicBoundingBox box)
      Constructs a new envelope with the same data than the specified geographic bounding box. The coordinate reference system is set to the default geographic CRS. Axis order is (longitude, latitude).
      Parameters:
      box - the bounding box to copy.
    • ImmutableEnvelope

      public ImmutableEnvelope(Envelope envelope)
      Creates an immutable envelope with the values of the given envelope. This constructor can be used when the given envelope is known to not be an instance of Immutable­Envelope. In case of doubt, consider using cast­Or­Copy(Envelope) instead.
      Parameters:
      envelope - the envelope to copy.
      See Also:
    • ImmutableEnvelope

      public ImmutableEnvelope(CoordinateReferenceSystem crs, Envelope envelope) throws MismatchedDimensionException
      Creates an immutable envelope with the coordinate values of the given envelope but a different CRS. This method does not reproject the given envelope. It just assign the given CRS to this envelope without any check, except for the CRS dimension.

      The main purpose of this method is to assign a non-null CRS when the envelope to copy has a null CRS.

      Parameters:
      crs - the CRS to assign to this envelope, or null.
      envelope - the envelope from which to copy coordinate values.
      Throws:
      Mismatched­Dimension­Exception - if the dimension of the given CRS is not equals to the dimension of the given envelope.
    • ImmutableEnvelope

      Constructs a new envelope initialized to the values parsed from the given string in BOX or Well Known Text (WKT) format. The given string is typically a BOX element like below:
      BOX(-180 -90, 180 90)
      However this constructor is lenient to other geometry types like POLYGON. See the javadoc of the General­Envelope constructor for more information.
      Parameters:
      crs - the coordinate reference system, or null if none.
      wkt - the BOX, POLYGON or other kind of element to parse.
      Throws:
      Illegal­Argument­Exception - if the given string can not be parsed.
      Mismatched­Dimension­Exception - if the dimension of the given CRS is not equals to the dimension of the parsed envelope.
  • Method Details

    • castOrCopy

      public static ImmutableEnvelope castOrCopy(Envelope envelope)
      Returns the given envelope as an Immutable­Envelope instance. If the given envelope is already an instance of Immutable­Envelope, then it is returned unchanged. Otherwise the coordinate values and the CRS of the given envelope are copied in a new envelope.
      Parameters:
      envelope - the envelope to cast, or null.
      Returns:
      the values of the given envelope as an Immutable­Envelope instance.
      See Also:
    • getDimension

      public int getDimension()
      Returns the length of coordinate sequence (the number of entries) in this envelope. This information is available even when the coordinate reference system is unknown.
      Specified by:
      get­Dimension in interface Envelope
      Returns:
      the dimensionality of this envelope.
    • getCoordinateReferenceSystem

      public CoordinateReferenceSystem getCoordinateReferenceSystem()
      Returns the envelope coordinate reference system, or null if unknown. If non-null, it shall be the same as lower corner and upper corner CRS.
      Specified by:
      get­Coordinate­Reference­System in interface Envelope
      Returns:
      the envelope CRS, or null if unknown.
    • getLower

      public double getLower(int dimension) throws IndexOutOfBoundsException
      Returns the limit in the direction of decreasing coordinate values in the specified dimension. This is usually the algebraic minimum, except if this envelope spans the anti-meridian.
      Specified by:
      get­Lower in class Abstract­Envelope
      Parameters:
      dimension - the dimension for which to obtain the coordinate value.
      Returns:
      the starting coordinate value at the given dimension.
      Throws:
      Index­Out­Of­Bounds­Exception - if the given index is negative or is equals or greater than the envelope dimension.
      See Also:
    • getUpper

      public double getUpper(int dimension) throws IndexOutOfBoundsException
      Returns the limit in the direction of increasing coordinate values in the specified dimension. This is usually the algebraic maximum, except if this envelope spans the anti-meridian.
      Specified by:
      get­Upper in class Abstract­Envelope
      Parameters:
      dimension - the dimension for which to obtain the coordinate value.
      Returns:
      the starting coordinate value at the given dimension.
      Throws:
      Index­Out­Of­Bounds­Exception - if the given index is negative or is equals or greater than the envelope dimension.
      See Also:
    • getMinimum

      public double getMinimum(int dimension) throws IndexOutOfBoundsException
      Returns the minimal coordinate value for the specified dimension. In the typical case of non-empty envelopes not crossing the anti-meridian, this method returns the Abstract­Envelope​.get­Lower(int) value verbatim. In the case of envelope crossing the anti-meridian, this method returns the axis minimum value. If the range in the given dimension is invalid, then this method returns Na­N.
      Specified by:
      get­Minimum in interface Envelope
      Overrides:
      get­Minimum in class Abstract­Envelope
      Parameters:
      dimension - the dimension for which to obtain the coordinate value.
      Returns:
      the minimal coordinate value at the given dimension.
      Throws:
      Index­Out­Of­Bounds­Exception - if the given index is negative or is equals or greater than the envelope dimension.
    • getMaximum

      public double getMaximum(int dimension) throws IndexOutOfBoundsException
      Returns the maximal coordinate value for the specified dimension. In the typical case of non-empty envelopes not crossing the anti-meridian, this method returns the Abstract­Envelope​.get­Upper(int) value verbatim. In the case of envelope crossing the anti-meridian, this method returns the axis maximum value. If the range in the given dimension is invalid, then this method returns Na­N.
      Specified by:
      get­Maximum in interface Envelope
      Overrides:
      get­Maximum in class Abstract­Envelope
      Parameters:
      dimension - the dimension for which to obtain the coordinate value.
      Returns:
      the maximal coordinate value at the given dimension.
      Throws:
      Index­Out­Of­Bounds­Exception - if the given index is negative or is equals or greater than the envelope dimension.
    • getMedian

      public double getMedian(int dimension) throws IndexOutOfBoundsException
      Returns the median coordinate along the specified dimension. In most cases, the result is equals (minus rounding error) to:
      median = (getUpper(dimension) + getLower(dimension)) / 2;

      Crossing the anti-meridian of a Geographic CRS

      If upper < lower and the range meaning for the requested dimension is wraparound, then the median calculated above is actually in the middle of the space outside the envelope. In such cases, this method shifts the median value by half of the periodicity (180° in the longitude case) in order to switch from outer space to inner space. If the axis range meaning is not WRAPAROUND, then this method returns Na­N.
      Specified by:
      get­Median in interface Envelope
      Overrides:
      get­Median in class Abstract­Envelope
      Parameters:
      dimension - the dimension for which to obtain the coordinate value.
      Returns:
      the median coordinate at the given dimension, or Double​.Na­N.
      Throws:
      Index­Out­Of­Bounds­Exception - if the given index is negative or is equals or greater than the envelope dimension.
      See Also:
    • getSpan

      public double getSpan(int dimension) throws IndexOutOfBoundsException
      Returns the envelope span (typically width or height) along the specified dimension. In most cases, the result is equals (minus rounding error) to:
      span = getUpper(dimension) - getLower(dimension);

      Crossing the anti-meridian of a Geographic CRS

      If upper < lower and the range meaning for the requested dimension is wraparound, then the span calculated above is negative. In such cases, this method adds the periodicity (typically 360° of longitude) to the span. If the result is a positive number, it is returned. Otherwise this method returns Na­N.
      Specified by:
      get­Span in interface Envelope
      Overrides:
      get­Span in class Abstract­Envelope
      Parameters:
      dimension - the dimension for which to obtain the span.
      Returns:
      the span (typically width or height) at the given dimension, or Double​.Na­N.
      Throws:
      Index­Out­Of­Bounds­Exception - if the given index is negative or is equals or greater than the envelope dimension.
    • isEmpty

      public boolean isEmpty()
      Determines whether or not this envelope is empty. An envelope is empty if it has zero dimension, or if the span of at least one axis is negative, 0 or Na­N.
      Note: Strictly speaking, there is an ambiguity if a span is Na­N or if the envelope contains both 0 and infinite spans (since 0⋅∞ = Na­N). In such cases, this method arbitrarily ignores the infinite values and returns true.
      If is­Empty() returns false, then Abstract­Envelope​.is­All­Na­N() is guaranteed to also return false. However the converse is not always true.
      Specified by:
      is­Empty in interface Emptiable
      Overrides:
      is­Empty in class Abstract­Envelope
      Returns:
      true if this envelope is empty.
      See Also:
    • isAllNaN

      public boolean isAllNaN()
      Returns false if at least one coordinate value is not NaN. This is­All­Na­N() check is different than the Abstract­Envelope​.is­Empty() check since it returns false for a partially initialized envelope, while is­Empty() returns false only after all dimensions have been initialized. More specifically, the following rules apply:
      • If is­All­Na­N() == true, then is­Empty() == true
      • If is­Empty() == false, then is­All­Na­N() == false
      • The converse of the above-cited rules are not always true.
      Note that an all-NaN envelope can still have a non-null coordinate reference system.
      Overrides:
      is­All­Na­N in class Abstract­Envelope
      Returns:
      true if this envelope has NaN values.
      See Also:
    • hashCode

      public int hashCode()
      Returns a hash value for this envelope.
      Overrides:
      hash­Code in class Abstract­Envelope
    • equals

      public boolean equals(Object object)
      Returns true if the specified object is an envelope of the same class with equals coordinates and CRS.
      Implementation note: This implementation requires that the provided object argument is of the same class than this envelope. We do not relax this rule since not every implementations in the SIS code base follow the same contract.
      Overrides:
      equals in class Abstract­Envelope
      Parameters:
      object - the object to compare with this envelope.
      Returns:
      true if the given object is equal to this envelope.
    • toString

      public String toString()
      Formats this envelope as a "BOX" element. The output is of the form "BOXnD(lower corner,upper corner)" where n is the number of dimensions. The number of dimension is written only if different than 2.
      Example:
      • BOX(-90 -180, 90 180)
      • BOX3D(-90 -180 0, 90 180 1)
      Note: The BOX element is not part of the standard Well Known Text (WKT) format. However it is understood by many software libraries, for example GDAL and PostGIS.
      This method formats the numbers as with Double​.to­String(double) (i.e. without fixed number of fraction digits). The string returned by this method can be parsed by the General­Envelope constructor.
      Overrides:
      to­String in class Abstract­Envelope
      Returns:
      this envelope as a BOX or BOX3D (most typical dimensions) element.