Class PlanarImage

Object
PlanarImage
All Implemented Interfaces:
Rendered­Image
Direct Known Subclasses:
Computed­Image

public abstract class PlanarImage extends Object implements RenderedImage
Base class of Rendered­Image implementations in Apache SIS. The "Planar" part in the class name emphases that this image is a representation of two-dimensional data and should not contain an image with three-dimensional effects. Planar images can be used as data storage for Grid­Coverage2D.
Note: inspirational source

This class takes some inspiration from the javax​.media​.jai​.Planar­Image class defined in the Java Advanced Imaging (JAI) library. That excellent library was 20 years in advance on thematic like defining a chain of image operations, multi-threaded execution, distribution over a computer network, etc. But unfortunately the JAI library does not seems to be maintained anymore. We do not try to reproduce the full set of JAI functionalities here, but we progressively reproduce some little bits of functionalities as they are needed by Apache SIS.

This base class does not store any state, but assumes that numbering of pixel coordinates and tile indices start at zero. Subclasses need to implement at least the following methods:

If pixel coordinates or tile indices do not start at zero, then subclasses shall also override the following methods:

Default implementations are provided for get­Num­XTiles(), get­Num­YTiles(), get­Tile­Grid­XOffset(), get­Tile­Grid­YOffset(), get­Data(), get­Data(Rectangle) and copy­Data(Writable­Raster) in terms of above methods.

Writable images

Some subclasses may implement the Writable­Rendered­Image interface. If this image is writable, then the Writable­Rendered­Image​​.get­Writable­Tile(…) and release­Writable­Tile(…) methods should be invoked in try ... finally blocks like below:
WritableRenderedImage image = ...;
WritableRaster tile = image.getWritableTile(tileX, tileY);
try {
    // Do some process on the tile.
} finally {
    image.releaseWritableTile(tileX, tileY);
}
This is recommended because implementations may count the number of acquisitions and releases for deciding when to notify the Tile­Observers. Some implementations may also acquire and release synchronization locks in the get­Writable­Tile(…) and release­Writable­Tile(…) methods. Apache SIS does not yet define a synchronization policy for Writable­Rendered­Image, but such policy may be defined in a future version.
Since:
1.1

Defined in the sis-feature module

  • Field Details

    • GRID_GEOMETRY_KEY

      public static final String GRID_GEOMETRY_KEY
      Key for a property defining a conversion from pixel coordinates to "real world" coordinates. Other information include an envelope in "real world" coordinates and an estimation of pixel resolution. The value is a Grid­Geometry instance with following properties:
      See Also:
    • POSITIONAL_ACCURACY_KEY

      public static final String POSITIONAL_ACCURACY_KEY
      Estimation of positional accuracy, typically in metres or pixel units. Pixel positions may have limited accuracy in they are computed by coordinate transformations. The position may also be inaccurate because of approximation applied for faster rendering.

      Values should be instances of Quantity. The array length is typically 1 or 2. If accuracy is limited by a coordinate transformation, then the array should contain an accuracy expressed in a linear unit such as meter. If accuracy is limited by an approximation applied during resampling operation, then the array should contain an accuracy expressed in pixel units.

      See Also:
    • SAMPLE_RESOLUTIONS_KEY

      public static final String SAMPLE_RESOLUTIONS_KEY
      Key of a property defining the resolutions of sample values in each band. This property is recommended for images having sample values as floating point numbers. For example if sample values were computed by value = integer × scale factor, then the resolution is the scale factor. This information can be used for choosing the number of fraction digits to show when writing sample values in text format.

      Values should be instances of double[]. The array length should be the number of bands. This property may be computed automatically during conversions from integer values to floating point values.

      See Also:
    • STATISTICS_KEY

      public static final String STATISTICS_KEY
      Key of property providing statistics on sample values in each band. Providing a value for this key is recommended when those statistics are known in advance (for example if they are provided in some metadata of a raster format). Statistics are useful for stretching a color palette over the values actually used in an image.

      Values should be instances of Statistics[]. The array length should be the number of bands. If this property is not provided, Apache SIS may have to compute statistics itself (by iterating over pixel values) when needed.

      Statistics are only indicative. They may be computed on an image sub-region.

      See Also:
    • MASK_KEY

      public static final String MASK_KEY
      Key of property providing a mask for missing values. Values should be instances of Rendered­Image with a single band, binary sample values and a color model of Transparency​.BITMASK type. The binary values 0 and 1 are alpha values: 0 for fully transparent pixels and 1 for fully opaque pixels. For every pixel (x,y) in this image, the pixel at the same coordinates in the mask is either fully transparent (sample value 0) if the sample value in this image is valid, or fully opaque (sample value 1) if the sample value in this image is invalid (Float​.Na­N).

      If this Planar­Image has more than one band, then the value for this property is the overlay of masks of each band: pixels are 0 when sample values are valid in all bands, and 1 when sample value is invalid in at least one band.

      Note that it is usually not necessary to use masks explicitly in Apache SIS because missing values are represented by Float​.Na­N. This property is provided for algorithms that can not work with NaN values.

      See Also:
  • Constructor Details

    • PlanarImage

      protected PlanarImage()
      Creates a new rendered image.
  • Method Details

    • getSources

      public Vector<RenderedImage> getSources()
      Returns the immediate sources of image data for this image. This method returns null if the image has no information about its immediate sources. It returns an empty vector if the image object has no immediate sources.

      The default implementation returns null. Note that this is not equivalent to an empty vector.

      Specified by:
      get­Sources in interface Rendered­Image
      Returns:
      the immediate sources, or null if unknown.
    • getProperty

      public Object getProperty(String key)
      Gets a property from this image. The property to get is identified by the specified key. The set of available keys is given by get­Property­Names() and depends on the image instance. The following table gives examples of keys recognized by some Apache SIS Rendered­Image instances:
      Examples of property keys
      Keys Values
      "org.apache.sis.GridGeometry" Conversion from pixel coordinates to "real world" coordinates.
      "org.apache.sis.PositionalAccuracy" Estimation of positional accuracy, typically in metres or pixel units.
      "org.apache.sis.SampleResolution" Resolutions of sample values in each band.
      "org.apache.sis.Statistics" Minimum, maximum and mean values for each band.
      "org.apache.sis.Mask" Image with transparent pixels at locations of valid values and opaque pixels elsewhere.
      "org.apache.sis.PositionalConsistency" Estimation of positional error for each pixel as a consistency check.
      "org.apache.sis.SourcePadding" Amount of additional source pixels needed on each side of a destination pixel for computing its value.
      This method shall return Image​.Undefined­Property if the specified property is not defined. The default implementation returns Image​.Undefined­Property in all cases.
      Specified by:
      get­Property in interface Rendered­Image
      Parameters:
      key - the name of the property to get.
      Returns:
      the property value, or Image​.Undefined­Property if none.
    • getPropertyNames

      public String[] getPropertyNames()
      Returns the names of all recognized properties, or null if this image has no properties.

      The default implementation returns null.

      Specified by:
      get­Property­Names in interface Rendered­Image
      Returns:
      names of all recognized properties, or null if none.
    • getBounds

      public Rectangle getBounds()
      Returns the image location (x, y) and image size (width, height). This is a convenience method encapsulating the results of 4 method calls in a single object.
      Returns:
      the image location and image size as a new rectangle.
      See Also:
    • getMinX

      public int getMinX()
      Returns the minimum x coordinate (inclusive) of this image.

      Default implementation returns zero. Subclasses shall override this method if the image starts at another coordinate.

      Specified by:
      get­Min­X in interface Rendered­Image
      Returns:
      the minimum x coordinate (column) of this image.
    • getMinY

      public int getMinY()
      Returns the minimum y coordinate (inclusive) of this image.

      The default implementation returns zero. Subclasses shall override this method if the image starts at another coordinate.

      Specified by:
      get­Min­Y in interface Rendered­Image
      Returns:
      the minimum y coordinate (row) of this image.
    • getMinTileX

      public int getMinTileX()
      Returns the minimum tile index in the x direction.

      The default implementation returns zero. Subclasses shall override this method if the tile grid starts at another index.

      Specified by:
      get­Min­Tile­X in interface Rendered­Image
      Returns:
      the minimum tile index in the x direction.
    • getMinTileY

      public int getMinTileY()
      Returns the minimum tile index in the y direction.

      The default implementation returns zero. Subclasses shall override this method if the tile grid starts at another index.

      Specified by:
      get­Min­Tile­Y in interface Rendered­Image
      Returns:
      the minimum tile index in the y direction.
    • getNumXTiles

      public int getNumXTiles()
      Returns the number of tiles in the x direction.

      The default implementation computes this value from Rendered­Image​.get­Width() and Rendered­Image​.get­Tile­Width() on the assumption that get­Min­X() is the coordinate of the leftmost pixels of tiles located at get­Min­Tile­X() index. This assumption can be verified by verify().

      Specified by:
      get­Num­XTiles in interface Rendered­Image
      Returns:
      returns the number of tiles in the x direction.
    • getNumYTiles

      public int getNumYTiles()
      Returns the number of tiles in the y direction.

      The default implementation computes this value from Rendered­Image​.get­Height() and Rendered­Image​.get­Tile­Height() on the assumption that get­Min­Y() is the coordinate of the uppermost pixels of tiles located at get­Min­Tile­Y() index. This assumption can be verified by verify().

      Specified by:
      get­Num­YTiles in interface Rendered­Image
      Returns:
      returns the number of tiles in the y direction.
    • getTileGridXOffset

      public int getTileGridXOffset()
      Returns the x coordinate of the upper-left pixel of tile (0, 0). That tile (0, 0) may not actually exist.

      The default implementation computes this value from get­Min­X(), get­Min­Tile­X() and Rendered­Image​.get­Tile­Width().

      Specified by:
      get­Tile­Grid­XOffset in interface Rendered­Image
      Returns:
      the x offset of the tile grid relative to the origin.
    • getTileGridYOffset

      public int getTileGridYOffset()
      Returns the y coordinate of the upper-left pixel of tile (0, 0). That tile (0, 0) may not actually exist.

      The default implementation computes this value from get­Min­Y(), get­Min­Tile­Y() and Rendered­Image​.get­Tile­Height().

      Specified by:
      get­Tile­Grid­YOffset in interface Rendered­Image
      Returns:
      the y offset of the tile grid relative to the origin.
    • getData

      public Raster getData()
      Returns a copy of this image as one large tile. The returned raster will not be updated if this image is changed.
      Specified by:
      get­Data in interface Rendered­Image
      Returns:
      a copy of this image as one large tile.
    • getData

      public Raster getData(Rectangle aoi)
      Returns a copy of an arbitrary region of this image. The returned raster will not be updated if this image is changed.
      Specified by:
      get­Data in interface Rendered­Image
      Parameters:
      aoi - the region of this image to copy.
      Returns:
      a copy of this image in the given area of interest.
      Throws:
      Illegal­Argument­Exception - if the given rectangle is not contained in this image bounds.
    • copyData

      public WritableRaster copyData(WritableRaster raster)
      Copies an arbitrary rectangular region of this image to the supplied writable raster. The region to be copied is determined from the bounds of the supplied raster. The supplied raster must have a Sample­Model that is compatible with this image. If the raster is null, an raster is created by this method.
      Specified by:
      copy­Data in interface Rendered­Image
      Parameters:
      raster - the raster to hold a copy of this image, or null.
      Returns:
      the given raster if it was not-null, or a new raster otherwise.
    • verify

      public String verify()
      Verifies whether image layout information are consistent. This method verifies that the coordinates of image upper-left corner are equal to the coordinates of the upper-left corner of the tile in the upper-left corner, and that image size is equal to the sum of the sizes of all tiles. Compatibility of sample model and color model is also verified.

      The default implementation may return the following identifiers, in that order (i.e. this method returns the identifier of the first test that fail):

      • "Sample­Model" — Sample model is incompatible with color model.
      • "tile­Width" — tile width is greater than sample model width.
      • "tile­Height" — tile height is greater than sample model height.
      • "num­XTiles" — number of tiles on the X axis is inconsistent with image width.
      • "width" — image width is not an integer multiple of tile width.
      • "num­YTiles" — number of tiles on the Y axis is inconsistent with image height.
      • "height" — image height is not an integer multiple of tile height.
      • "tile­X"min­Tile­X and/or tile­Grid­XOffset is inconsistent.
      • "tile­Y"min­Tile­Y and/or tile­Grid­YOffset is inconsistent.
      Subclasses may perform additional checks. For example some subclasses also check specifically for "min­X", "min­Y", "tile­Grid­XOffset" and "tile­Grid­YOffset".
      Returns:
      null if image layout information are consistent, or the name of inconsistent attribute if a problem is found.
    • toString

      public String toString()
      Returns a string representation of this image for debugging purpose. This string representation may change in any future SIS version.
      Overrides:
      to­String in class Object
      Returns:
      a string representation of this image for debugging purpose only.