Enum CommonCRS

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    Serializable, Comparable<Common­CRS>

    public enum CommonCRS
    extends Enum<CommonCRS>
    Frequently-used geodetic CRS and datum that are guaranteed to be available in SIS. Methods in this enumeration are shortcuts for object definitions in the EPSG database. If there is no EPSG database available, or if the query failed, or if there is no EPSG definition for an object, then Common­CRS fallback on hard-coded values. Consequently, those methods never return null.

    Referencing objects are cached after creation. Invoking the same method on the same Common­CRS instance twice will return the same Identified­Object instance, unless the internal cache has been cleared (e.g. the application is running in a container environment and some modules have been installed or uninstalled).

    Example: the following code fetches a geographic Coordinate Reference System using (longitude, latitude) axis order on the WGS84 geodetic datum:

    GeographicCRS crs = CommonCRS.WGS84.normalizedGeographic();
    For each enumeration value, the name of the CRS, datum and ellipsoid objects may or may not be the same. Below is an alphabetical list of object names available in this enumeration:
    Geodetic objects accessible by enumeration constants
    Name or alias Object type Enumeration value
    Clarke 1866 Ellipsoid NAD27
    European Datum 1950 (ED50) CRS, datum ED50
    European Terrestrial Reference Frame (ETRS) 1989 CRS, datum ETRS89
    European Terrestrial Reference System (ETRF) 1989 CRS, datum ETRS89
    Greenwich Prime meridian WGS84, WGS72, ETRS89, NAD83, NAD27, ED50, SPHERE
    GRS 1980 Ellipsoid GRS1980, ETRS89, NAD83
    GRS 1980 Authalic Sphere Ellipsoid SPHERE
    Hayford 1909 Ellipsoid ED50
    International 1924 Ellipsoid ED50
    International 1979 Ellipsoid ETRS89, NAD83
    North American Datum 1927 CRS, datum NAD27
    North American Datum 1983 CRS, datum NAD83
    NWL 10D Ellipsoid WGS72
    World Geodetic System (WGS) 1972 CRS, datum, ellipsoid WGS72
    World Geodetic System (WGS) 1984 CRS, datum, ellipsoid WGS84
    Since:
    0.4
    See Also:
    Common­Authority­Factory

    Defined in the sis-referencing module

    • Enum Constant Detail

      • WGS84

        public static final CommonCRS WGS84
        World Geodetic System 1984. This is the default CRS for most org​.apache​.sis packages.
        WGS84 properties
        WMS identifier: CRS:84
        EPSG identifiers: 4326  (datum: 6326,  ellipsoid: 7030)
        Primary names: "WGS 84"  (datum: "World Geodetic System 1984")
        Abbreviations or aliases:(datum: "WGS 84",  ellipsoid: "WGS84")
        Prime meridian: Greenwich
        Semi-major axis length: 6378137
        Semi-minor axis length: 6356752 (approximated)
        Inverse flattening: 298.257223563 (definitive)
        Ellipsoid axes unit: Units.METRE
        UTM zones: 1 to 60 in North and South hemispheres
      • WGS72

        public static final CommonCRS WGS72
        World Geodetic System 1972.
        WGS72 properties
        EPSG identifiers: 4322  (datum: 6322,  ellipsoid: 7043)
        Primary names: "WGS 72"  (datum: "World Geodetic System 1972")
        Abbreviations or aliases:(datum: "WGS 72",  ellipsoid: "NWL 10D")
        Prime meridian: Greenwich
        Semi-major axis length: 6378135
        Semi-minor axis length: 6356751 (approximated)
        Inverse flattening: 298.26 (definitive)
        Ellipsoid axes unit: Units.METRE
        UTM zones: 1 to 60 in North and South hemispheres
      • NAD83

        public static final CommonCRS NAD83
        North American Datum 1983. The ellipsoid is "GRS 1980", also known as "International 1979". This ellipsoid is very close, but not identical, to the WGS84 one.
        NAD83 properties
        WMS identifier: CRS:83
        EPSG identifiers: 4269  (datum: 6269,  ellipsoid: 7019)
        Primary names: "NAD83"  (datum: "North American Datum 1983",  ellipsoid: "GRS 1980")
        Abbreviations or aliases:"NAD83 (1986)"  (ellipsoid: "International 1979")
        Prime meridian: Greenwich
        Semi-major axis length: 6378137
        Semi-minor axis length: 6356752 (approximated)
        Inverse flattening: 298.257222101 (definitive)
        Ellipsoid axes unit: Units.METRE
        UTM zones: 1 to 23 in the North hemisphere
        Note: ETRS89 uses the same ellipsoid for a different datum. The Web Map Server "CRS:83" authority code uses the NAD83 datum, while the "IGNF:MILLER" authority code uses the GRS80 datum.
      • NAD27

        public static final CommonCRS NAD27
        North American Datum 1927.
        NAD27 properties
        WMS identifier: CRS:27
        EPSG identifiers: 4267  (datum: 6267,  ellipsoid: 7008)
        Primary names: "NAD27"  (datum: "North American Datum 1927",  ellipsoid: "Clarke 1866")
        Abbreviations or aliases:(datum: "NAD27")
        Prime meridian: Greenwich
        Semi-major axis length: 6378206.4
        Semi-minor axis length: 6356583.8 (definitive)
        Ellipsoid axes unit: Units.METRE
        UTM zones: 1 to 22 in the North hemisphere
      • ETRS89

        public static final CommonCRS ETRS89
        European Terrestrial Reference System 1989. The ellipsoid is "GRS 1980", also known as "International 1979". This ellipsoid is very close, but not identical, to the WGS84 one.
        ETRS89 properties
        EPSG identifiers: 4258  (datum: 6258,  ellipsoid: 7019)
        Primary names: "ETRS89"  (datum: "European Terrestrial Reference System 1989",  ellipsoid: "GRS 1980")
        Abbreviations or aliases:"ETRF89", "EUREF89", "ETRS89-GRS80"  (ellipsoid: "International 1979")
        Prime meridian: Greenwich
        Semi-major axis length: 6378137
        Semi-minor axis length: 6356752 (approximated)
        Inverse flattening: 298.257222101 (definitive)
        Ellipsoid axes unit: Units.METRE
        UTM zones: 28 to 37 in the North hemisphere
        Note: NAD83 uses the same ellipsoid for a different datum. The Web Map Server "CRS:83" authority code uses the NAD83 datum, while the "IGNF:MILLER" authority code uses the GRS80 datum.
      • ED50

        public static final CommonCRS ED50
        European Datum 1950.
        ED50 properties
        EPSG identifiers: 4230  (datum: 6230,  ellipsoid: 7022)
        Primary names: "ED50"  (datum: "European Datum 1950",  ellipsoid: "International 1924")
        Abbreviations or aliases:(datum: "ED50", ellipsoid: "Hayford 1909")
        Prime meridian: Greenwich
        Semi-major axis length: 6378388
        Semi-minor axis length: 6356912 (approximated)
        Inverse flattening: 297 (definitive)
        Ellipsoid axes unit: Units.METRE
        UTM zones: 28 to 38 in the North hemisphere
      • GRS1980

        public static final CommonCRS GRS1980
        Unknown datum based upon the GRS 1980 ellipsoid. Use only in cases where geodetic datum is unknown.
        GRS1980 properties
        EPSG identifiers: 4019  (datum: 6019,  ellipsoid: 7019)
        Primary names: "Unknown datum based upon the GRS 1980 ellipsoid."
        Prime meridian: Greenwich
        Semi-major axis length: 6378137
        Semi-minor axis length: 6356752 (approximated)
        Inverse flattening: 298.257222101 (definitive)
        Ellipsoid axes unit: Units.METRE
        Since:
        1.0
      • SPHERE

        public static final CommonCRS SPHERE
        Unspecified datum based upon the GRS 1980 Authalic Sphere.
        Sphere properties
        EPSG identifiers: 4047  (datum: 6047,  ellipsoid: 7048)
        Primary names: "Unspecified datum based upon the GRS 1980 Authalic Sphere"
        Prime meridian: Greenwich
        Semi-major axis length: 6371007
        Semi-minor axis length: 6371007 (definitive)
        Ellipsoid axes unit: Units.METRE
        See Also:
        Default­Ellipsoid​.get­Authalic­Radius()
    • Method Detail

      • values

        public static CommonCRS[] values()
        Returns an array containing the constants of this enum type, in the order they are declared. This method may be used to iterate over the constants as follows:
        for (CommonCRS c : CommonCRS.values())
            System.out.println(c);
        
        Returns:
        an array containing the constants of this enum type, in the order they are declared
      • valueOf

        public static CommonCRS valueOf​(String name)
        Returns the enum constant of this type with the specified name. The string must match exactly an identifier used to declare an enum constant in this type. (Extraneous whitespace characters are not permitted.)
        Parameters:
        name - the name of the enum constant to be returned.
        Returns:
        the enum constant with the specified name
        Throws:
        Illegal­Argument­Exception - if this enum type has no constant with the specified name
        Null­Pointer­Exception - if the argument is null
      • forDatum

        public static CommonCRS forDatum​(CoordinateReferenceSystem crs)
        Returns the Common­CRS enumeration value for the datum of the given CRS. The given CRS shall comply to the following conditions (otherwise an Illegal­Argument­Exception is thrown): This method is useful for easier creation of various coordinate reference systems through the geographic(), geocentric() or other convenience methods when the set of datums supported by Common­CRS is known to be sufficient.
        Parameters:
        crs - the coordinate reference system for which to get a Common­CRS value.
        Returns:
        the Common­CRS value for the geodetic datum of the given CRS.
        Throws:
        Illegal­Argument­Exception - if no Common­CRS value can be found for the given CRS.
        Since:
        0.8
        See Also:
        datum()
      • defaultGeographic

        public static GeographicCRS defaultGeographic()
        Returns the default two-dimensional normalized geographic CRS. The CRS returned by this method has the following properties:
        • Axis order is (longitude, latitude).
        • Axis directions are (East, North).
        • Angular unit is Units​.DEGREE.
        • Prime meridian in Greenwich.
        Note: This method makes no guarantees about the datum. The current default datum is WGS 84, but this may change in future SIS versions if a WGS 84 replacement become in wide use.
        This default CRS is assigned to envelopes created from a geographic bounding box. Since ISO 19115 Geographic­Bounding­Box is approximated by definition, their datum can be arbitrary.
        Returns:
        the default two-dimensional geographic CRS with (longitude, latitude) axis order.
      • geographic

        public GeographicCRS geographic()
        Returns the two-dimensional geographic CRS with axes in the standard (latitude, longitude) order. The coordinate system axes will be oriented toward North and East respectively, with units in degrees. The following table summarizes the coordinate reference systems known to this class, together with an enumeration value that can be used for fetching that CRS:
        Commonly used geographic CRS
        Name or alias Enum EPSG
        ED50 ED50 4230
        ETRS89 ETRS89 4258
        NAD27 NAD27 4267
        NAD83 NAD83 4269
        GRS 1980 GRS19804019
        GRS 1980 Authalic Sphere SPHERE 4047
        WGS 72 WGS72 4322
        WGS 84 WGS84 4326
        Returns:
        the geographic CRS with standard (latitude, longitude) axis order.
        See Also:
        CRS​.for­Code(String), Default­Geographic­CRS
      • geographic3D

        public GeographicCRS geographic3D()
        Returns the three-dimensional geographic CRS with axes in the standard (latitude, longitude, height) order. The following table summarizes the coordinate reference systems known to this class, together with an enumeration value that can be used for fetching that CRS:
        Commonly used geographic CRS
        Name or alias Enum EPSG
        ED50 ED50
        ETRS89 ETRS89 4937
        NAD27 NAD27
        NAD83 NAD83
        GRS 1980 GRS1980
        GRS 1980 Authalic Sphere SPHERE
        WGS 72 WGS72 4985
        WGS 84 WGS84 4979
        Returns:
        the three-dimensional geographic CRS associated to this enum.
        See Also:
        CRS​.for­Code(String), Default­Geographic­CRS
      • geocentric

        public GeocentricCRS geocentric()
        Returns the geocentric CRS using a Cartesian coordinate system. Axis units are metres. The following table summarizes the coordinate reference systems known to this class, together with an enumeration value that can be used for fetching that CRS:
        Commonly used geocentric CRS
        Name or alias Enum EPSG
        ED50 ED50
        ETRS89 ETRS89 4936
        NAD27 NAD27
        NAD83 NAD83
        GRS 1980 GRS1980
        GRS 1980 Authalic Sphere SPHERE
        WGS 72 WGS72 4984
        WGS 84 WGS84 4978
        Returns:
        the geocentric CRS associated to this enum.
        See Also:
        CRS​.for­Code(String), Default­Geocentric­CRS
      • spherical

        public GeocentricCRS spherical()
        Returns the geocentric CRS using a spherical coordinate system. Axes are:
        1. Spherical latitude in degrees oriented toward north.
        2. Spherical longitude in degrees oriented toward east.
        3. Geocentric radius in metres oriented toward up.
        Returns:
        the geocentric CRS associated to this enum.
        Since:
        0.7
        See Also:
        Default­Geocentric­CRS
      • datum

        public GeodeticDatum datum()
        Returns the geodetic datum associated to this geodetic object. The following table summarizes the datums known to this class, together with an enumeration value that can be used for fetching that datum:
        Commonly used geodetic datums
        Name or alias Enum EPSG
        European Datum 1950 ED50 6230
        European Terrestrial Reference System 1989 ETRS89 6258
        North American Datum 1927 NAD27 6267
        North American Datum 1983 NAD83 6269
        Not specified (based on GRS 1980 ellipsoid) GRS19806019
        Not specified (based on GRS 1980 Authalic Sphere) SPHERE 6047
        World Geodetic System 1972 WGS72 6322
        World Geodetic System 1984 WGS84 6326
        Returns:
        the geodetic datum associated to this enum.
        See Also:
        for­Datum(Coordinate­Reference­System), Default­Geodetic­Datum
      • ellipsoid

        public Ellipsoid ellipsoid()
        Returns the ellipsoid associated to this geodetic object. The following table summarizes the ellipsoids known to this class, together with an enumeration value that can be used for fetching that ellipsoid:
        Commonly used ellipsoids
        Name or alias Enum EPSG
        Clarke 1866 NAD27 7008
        GRS 1980 Authalic Sphere SPHERE 7048
        International 1924 ED50 7022
        International 1979 / GRS 1980 ETRS89 7019
        World Geodetic System (WGS) 1972 WGS72 7043
        World Geodetic System (WGS) 1984 WGS84 7030
        Returns:
        the ellipsoid associated to this enum.
        See Also:
        Default­Ellipsoid
      • primeMeridian

        public PrimeMeridian primeMeridian()
        Returns the prime meridian associated to this geodetic object. The following table summarizes the prime meridians known to this class, together with an enumeration value that can be used for fetching that prime meridian:
        Commonly used prime meridians
        Name or alias Enum EPSG
        Greenwich WGS84 8901
        Returns:
        the prime meridian associated to this enum.
        See Also:
        Default­Prime­Meridian
      • universal

        public ProjectedCRS universal​(double latitude,
                                      double longitude)
        Returns a Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) or a Universal Polar Stereographic (UPS) projection for the zone containing the given point. There is a total of 120 UTM zones, with 60 zones in the North hemisphere and 60 zones in the South hemisphere. The projection zone is determined from the arguments as below:
        • If the latitude argument is less than 80°S or equal or greater than 84°N, then a Universal Polar Stereographic projection is created.
        • Otherwise a Universal Transverse Mercator projection is created as below:
          • The sign of the latitude argument determines the hemisphere: North for positive latitudes (including positive zero) or South for negative latitudes (including negative zero). The latitude magnitude is ignored, except for the special cases documented below and for ensuring that the latitude is inside the [-90 … 90]° range.
          • The value of the longitude argument determines the 6°-width zone, numbered from 1 for the zone starting at 180°W up to 60 for the zone finishing at 180°E. Longitudes outside the [-180 … 180]° range will be rolled as needed before to compute the zone.
          • Calculation of UTM zone involves two special cases (if those special cases are not desired, they can be avoided by making sure that the given latitude is below 56°N):
            • Between 56°N and 64°N, zone 32 is widened to 9° (at the expense of zone 31) to accommodate southwest Norway.
            • Between 72°N and 84°N, zones 33 and 35 are widened to 12° to accommodate Svalbard. To compensate for these 12° wide zones, zones 31 and 37 are widened to 9° and zones 32, 34, and 36 are eliminated.
        Tip: for "straight" UTM zone calculation without any special case (neither Norway, Svalbard or Universal Polar Stereographic projection), one can replace the latitude argument by Math​.signum(latitude). For using a specific zone number, one can additionally replace the longitude argument by zone * 6 - 183.
        The map projection uses the following parameters:
        Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) and Universal Polar Stereographic (UPS) projection parameters
        Parameter name UTM parameter value UPS parameter value
        Latitude of natural origin 90°N or 90°S depending on the sign of given latitude
        Longitude of natural origin Central meridian of the UTM zone containing the given longitude
        Scale factor at natural origin 0.9996 0.994
        False easting 500 000 metres 2 000 000 metres
        False northing 0 (North hemisphere) or 10 000 000 (South hemisphere) metres 2 000 000 metres
        The coordinate system axes are (Easting, Northing) in metres.
        Warning: be aware of parameter order! For this method, latitude is first. This order is for consistency with the non-normalized geographic CRS of all items in this Common­CRS enumeration.
        Parameters:
        latitude - a latitude in the desired UTM or UPS projection zone.
        longitude - a longitude in the desired UTM or UPS projection zone.
        Returns:
        a Universal Transverse Mercator or Polar Stereographic projection for the zone containing the given point.
        Since:
        0.8