Class DataStore

Object
DataStore
All Implemented Interfaces:
Auto­Closeable, Resource, Localized
Direct Known Subclasses:
Geo­Tiff­Store, Landsat­Store, Netcdf­Store, SQLStore

public abstract class DataStore extends Object implements Resource, Localized, AutoCloseable
Manages a series of features, coverages or sensor data. Different Data­Store subclasses exist for different formats (netCDF, GeoTIFF, etc.). The supported format can be identified by the provider.

Each data store is itself a Resource. The data store subclasses should implement a more specialized Resource interface depending on the format characteristics. For example a Data­Store for ShapeFiles will implement the Feature­Set interface, while a Data­Store for netCDF files will implement the Aggregate interface.

Thread safety policy

Data stores should be thread-safe, but their synchronization lock is implementation-dependent. This base class uses only the synchronized keyword, applied on the following methods: Since above properties are used only for information purpose, concurrent modifications during a read or write operation should be harmless. Consequently subclasses are free use their own synchronization mechanism instead than synchronized(this) lock.
Since:
0.3
See Also:

Defined in the sis-storage module

  • Field Details

    • provider

      protected final DataStoreProvider provider
      The factory that created this Data­Store instance, or null if unspecified. This information can be useful for fetching information common to all Data­Store instances of the same class.
      Since:
      0.8
      See Also:
    • listeners

      protected final StoreListeners listeners
      The set of registered Store­Listeners for this data store.
  • Constructor Details

    • DataStore

      protected DataStore()
      Creates a new instance with no provider and initially no listener.
    • DataStore

      protected DataStore(DataStoreProvider provider, StorageConnector connector) throws DataStoreException
      Creates a new instance for the given storage (typically file or database). The provider argument is an optional but recommended information. The connector argument is mandatory.
      Parameters:
      provider - the factory that created this Data­Store instance, or null if unspecified.
      connector - information about the storage (URL, stream, reader instance, etc).
      Throws:
      Data­Store­Exception - if an error occurred while creating the data store for the given storage.
      Since:
      0.8
    • DataStore

      @Deprecated protected DataStore(DataStore parent, StorageConnector connector) throws DataStoreException
      Creates a new instance as a child of another data store instance. The new instance inherits the parent provider. Events created by this Data­Store are forwarded to listeners registered into the parent data store too.
      Parameters:
      parent - the parent data store, or null if none.
      connector - information about the storage (URL, stream, reader instance, etc).
      Throws:
      Data­Store­Exception - if an error occurred while creating the data store for the given storage.
      Since:
      0.8
    • DataStore

      protected DataStore(DataStore parent, DataStoreProvider provider, StorageConnector connector, boolean hidden) throws DataStoreException
      Creates a new instance as a child of another data store instance. Events will be sent not only to registered listeners of this Data­Store, but also to listeners of the parent data store. Each listener will be notified only once, even if the same listener is registered in the two places.
      Parameters:
      parent - the parent that contains this new Data­Store component, or null if none.
      provider - the factory that created this Data­Store instance, or null if unspecified.
      connector - information about the storage (URL, stream, reader instance, etc).
      hidden - true if this store will not be directly accessible from the parent. It is the case if this store is an Aggregate and the parent store will expose only some components of the aggregate instead of the aggregate itself.
      Throws:
      Data­Store­Exception - if an error occurred while creating the data store for the given storage.
      Since:
      1.1
  • Method Details

    • getProvider

      public DataStoreProvider getProvider()
      Returns the factory that created this Data­Store instance. The provider gives additional information on this Data­Store such as a format description and a list of parameters that can be used for opening data stores of the same class.

      The return value should never be null if this Data­Store has been created by Data­Stores​.open(Object) or by a Data­Store­Provider open(…) method. However it may be null if this object has been instantiated by a direct call to its constructor.

      Returns:
      the factory that created this Data­Store instance, or null if unspecified.
      Since:
      0.8
      See Also:
    • getOpenParameters

      public abstract Optional<ParameterValueGroup> getOpenParameters()
      Returns the parameters used to open this data store. The collection of legal parameters is implementation-dependent (their description is given by Data­Store­Provider​.get­Open­Parameters()), but should contain at least a parameter named "location" with a URI, Path or Data­Source value.

      In the event a data store must be closed and reopened later, those parameters can be stored in a file or database and used for creating a new store later.

      In some cases, for stores reading in-memory data or other inputs that can not fit with Parameter­Descriptor­Group requirements (for example an Input­Stream connected to unknown or no URL), this method may return an empty value.

      Returns:
      parameters used for opening this Data­Store.
      Since:
      0.8
      See Also:
    • setLocale

      public void setLocale(Locale locale)
      Sets the locale to use for formatting warnings and other messages. In a client-server architecture, it should be the locale on the client side.

      This locale is used on a best-effort basis; whether messages will honor this locale or not depends on the code that logged warnings or threw exceptions. In Apache SIS implementation, this locale has better chances to be honored by the Data­Store­Exception​.get­Localized­Message() method rather than get­Message(). See get­Localized­Message() javadoc for more information.

      Parameters:
      locale - the new locale to use.
      See Also:
    • getLocale

      public Locale getLocale()
      The locale to use for formatting warnings and other messages. This locale if for user interfaces only – it has no effect on the data to be read or written from/to the data store.

      The default value is the system default locale.

      Specified by:
      get­Locale in interface Localized
      Returns:
      the locale, or null if not explicitly defined.
      See Also:
    • getDisplayName

      public String getDisplayName()
      Returns a short name or label for this data store. The returned name can be used in user interfaces or in error messages. It may be a title in natural language, but should be relatively short. The name may be localized in the language specified by the value of get­Locale() if this data store is capable to produce a name in various languages.

      This name should not be used as an identifier since there is no guarantee that the name is unique among data stores, and no guarantee that the name is the same in all locales. The name may also contain any Unicode characters, including characters usually not allowed in identifiers like white spaces.

      This method should never throw an exception since it may be invoked for producing error messages, in which case throwing an exception here would mask the original exception.

      This method differs from get­Identifier() in that it is typically a file name known at construction time instead of a property read from metadata. Default implementation returns the Storage­Connector​.get­Storage­Name() value, or null if this data store has been created by the no-argument constructor. Subclasses should override this method if they can provide a better name.

      Returns:
      a short name of label for this data store, or null if unknown.
      Since:
      0.8
      See Also:
    • getIdentifier

      public Optional<GenericName> getIdentifier() throws DataStoreException
      Returns an identifier for the root resource of this data store, or null if none. If this data store contains many resources (as in an Aggregate), the returned identifier shall be different than the identifiers of those child resources. In other words, the following equality shall hold without ambiguity:
      findResource(getIdentifier().toString()) == this
      Note that this identifier is not guaranteed to be unique between different Data­Store instances; it only needs to be unique among the resources provided by this data store instance.

      Default implementation

      The default implementation searches for an identifier in the metadata, at the location shown below, provided that conditions are met:

      Path: metadata / identification­Info / citation / identifier

      Condition: in default implementation, the identifier is presents only if exactly one citation is found at above path. If two or more citation instances are found, the identification is considered ambiguous and an empty value is returned.

      Selection: the first identifier implementing the Generic­Name interface is returned. If there is no such identifier, then a Named­Identifier is created from the first identifier. If there is no identifier at all, then an empty value is returned.

      Subclasses are encouraged to override this method with more efficient implementations.
      Specified by:
      get­Identifier in interface Resource
      Returns:
      an identifier for the root resource of this data store.
      Throws:
      Data­Store­Exception - if an error occurred while fetching the identifier.
      Since:
      1.0
      See Also:
    • getMetadata

      public abstract Metadata getMetadata() throws DataStoreException
      Returns information about the data store as a whole. The returned metadata object can contain information such as the spatiotemporal extent of all contained resources, contact information about the creator or distributor, data quality, update frequency, usage constraints, file format and more.
      Specified by:
      get­Metadata in interface Resource
      Returns:
      information about resources in the data store. Should not be null.
      Throws:
      Data­Store­Exception - if an error occurred while reading the metadata.
      See Also:
    • getNativeMetadata

      public Optional<TreeTable> getNativeMetadata() throws DataStoreException
      Returns implementation-specific metadata. The structure of those metadata varies for each file format. The standard metadata should be preferred since they allow abstraction of format details, but those native metadata are sometime useful when an information is not provided by the standard metadata.

      The tree table should contain at least the following columns:

      The Table­Column​.NAME of the root node should be a format name such as "NetCDF" or "GeoTIFF". That name should be short since it may be used in widget as a designation of implementation-specific details.
      Returns:
      resources information structured in an implementation-specific way.
      Throws:
      Data­Store­Exception - if an error occurred while reading the metadata.
      Since:
      1.1
    • findResource

      public Resource findResource(String identifier) throws DataStoreException
      Searches for a resource identified by the given identifier. The given identifier should be the string representation of the return value of Resource​.get­Identifier() on the desired resource. Implementation may also accept aliases for convenience. For example if the full name of a resource is "foo:bar", then this method may accept "bar" as a synonymous of "foo:bar" provided that it does not introduce ambiguity.

      The default implementation verifies if above criterion matches to this Data­Store (which is itself a resource), then iterates recursively over Aggregate components if this data store is an aggregate. If a match is found without ambiguity, the associated resource is returned. Otherwise an exception is thrown. Subclasses are encouraged to override this method with a more efficient implementation.

      Parameters:
      identifier - identifier of the resource to fetch. Must be non-null.
      Returns:
      resource associated to the given identifier (never null).
      Throws:
      Illegal­Name­Exception - if no resource is found for the given identifier, or if more than one resource is found.
      Data­Store­Exception - if another kind of error occurred while searching resources.
      See Also:
    • addListener

      public <T extends StoreEvent> void addListener(Class<T> eventType, StoreListener<? super T> listener)
      Registers a listener to notify when the specified kind of event occurs in this data store or in a resource. The data store will call the Store­Listener​.event­Occured(Store­Event) method when new events matching the event­Type occur. An event may be a change in data store content or structure, or a warning that occurred during a read or write operation.

      Registering a listener for a given event­Type also register the listener for all event sub-types. The same listener can be registered many times, but its Store­Listener​.event­Occured(Store­Event) method will be invoked only once per event. This filtering applies even if the listener is registered on individual resources of this data store.

      If this data store may produce events of the given type, then the given listener is kept by strong reference; it will not be garbage collected unless explicitly removed or unless this Data­Store is itself garbage collected. However if the given type of events can never happen with this data store, then this method is not required to keep a reference to the given listener.

      Warning events

      If event­Type is assignable from Warning­Event.class, then registering that listener turns off logging of warning messages for this data store. This side-effect is applied on the assumption that the registered listener will handle warnings in its own way, for example by showing warnings in a widget.
      Specified by:
      add­Listener in interface Resource
      Type Parameters:
      T - compile-time value of the event­Type argument.
      Parameters:
      event­Type - type of Store­Event to listen (can not be null).
      listener - listener to notify about events.
      Since:
      1.0
    • removeListener

      public <T extends StoreEvent> void removeListener(Class<T> eventType, StoreListener<? super T> listener)
      Unregisters a listener previously added to this data store for the given type of events. The event­Type must be the exact same class than the one given to the add­Listener(…) method; this method does not remove listeners registered for subclasses and does not remove listeners registered in children resources.

      If the same listener has been registered many times for the same even type, then this method removes only the most recent registration. In other words if add­Listener(type, ls) has been invoked twice, then remove­Listener(type, ls) needs to be invoked twice in order to remove all instances of that listener. If the given listener is not found, then this method does nothing (no exception is thrown).

      Warning events

      If event­Type is Warning­Event.class and if, after this method invocation, there is no remaining listener for warning events, then this Data­Store will send future warnings to the loggers.
      Specified by:
      remove­Listener in interface Resource
      Type Parameters:
      T - compile-time value of the event­Type argument.
      Parameters:
      event­Type - type of Store­Event which were listened (can not be null).
      listener - listener to stop notifying about events.
      Since:
      1.0
    • close

      public abstract void close() throws DataStoreException
      Closes this data store and releases any underlying resources.

      Note for implementers

      Data stores having resources to release should not override the Object​.equals(Object) and Object​.hash­Code() methods, since comparisons other than identity comparisons may confuse some cache mechanisms (e.g. they may think that a data store has already been closed). Conversely data stores for which add­Listener(…), remove­Listener(…) and close() methods perform no operation can override equals(…) and hash­Code() if desired.
      Specified by:
      close in interface Auto­Closeable
      Throws:
      Data­Store­Exception - if an error occurred while closing this data store.
    • toString

      public String toString()
      Returns a string representation of this data store for debugging purpose. The content of the string returned by this method may change in any future SIS version.
      Overrides:
      to­String in class Object
      Returns:
      a string representation of this data store for debugging purpose.