 Type Parameters:
S
 the type of objects to convert.T
 the type of converted objects.
 All Superinterfaces:
Function<S,
T>
A function which converts instances of source type to instances of target type.
The source and target types may be the same, in which case the
ObjectConverter
actually converts
the values rather than the type.
The main method of this interface is apply(Object)
, which receives an object of type
S and returns an object of type T. The set of all S values for which
apply(S)
does not throw UnconvertibleObjectException
is called the domain
of this function, regardless of whether the T result is null
or not.
Function properties
Some characteristics about the S to T mapping are given by theproperties()
enumeration, together with the getSourceClass()
and
getTargetClass()
methods. Some possible function properties are:
 Injective if no pair of S can produce
the same T value (e.g.: conversions from
Integer
toString
).  Surjective if every values of T can be
created from one or many values of S (e.g.: conversions from
String
toInteger
).  Bijective if there is a onetoone relationship between the S and T values.
 Order preserving if any sequence of
increasing S values (in the sense of
Comparable
) is mapped to a sequence of increasing T values.  Order reversing if any sequence of
increasing S values (in the sense of
Comparable
) is mapped to a sequence of decreasing T values.
Example
The function properties regarding order is important when convertingRange
objects.
For example if the converter reverses the value ordering (e.g. reverses the sign of numerical values), then the
minimum and maximum values in each Range
instance need to be interchanged. If the ordering is not preserved
at all (neither directly or reversed), as for example in the conversion from Number
to String
, then
we cannot convert ranges at all.
Usage
Below are some guidelines about the function properties that a converter can declare: If
apply(S)
returnsnull
for unconvertible objects, then thisObjectConverter
cannot be declared injective because more than one S value can produce the same T value (namelynull
).  If
apply(S)
throws an exception for unconvertible objects, then thisObjectConverter
can be declared as an injective function if the other values met the criteria.
 Since:
 0.3
 See Also:

Method Summary
Modifier and TypeMethodDescriptionConverts the given object from the source type S to the target type T.Returns the type of objects to convert.Returns the type of converted objects.inverse()
Returns a converter capable to convert instances of T back to instances of S.Returns the manner in which source values (S) are mapped to target values (T).

Method Details

properties
Set<FunctionProperty> properties()Returns the manner in which source values (S) are mapped to target values (T). Some possible function properties are: Injective if no pair of S can produce
the same T value (e.g.: conversions from
Integer
toString
).  Surjective if every values of T can be
created from one or many values of S (e.g.: conversions from
String
toInteger
).  Bijective if there is a onetoone relationship between the S and T values.
 Order preserving if any sequence of
increasing S values (in the sense of
Comparable
) is mapped to a sequence of increasing T values.  Order reversing if any sequence of
increasing S values (in the sense of
Comparable
) is mapped to a sequence of decreasing T values.
apply(Object)
method returnsnull
for unconvertible source values, then this properties set cannot containFunctionProperty.INJECTIVE
because more than one source value could be converted to the samenull
target value. Returns:
 the manners in which source values are mapped to target values. May be an empty set, but never null.
 Injective if no pair of S can produce
the same T value (e.g.: conversions from

getSourceClass
Returns the type of objects to convert. Returns:
 the type of objects to convert.

getTargetClass
Returns the type of converted objects. Returns:
 the type of converted objects.

apply
Converts the given object from the source type S to the target type T. If the given object cannot be converted, then this method may either returnsnull
or throws an exception, at implementation choice (except for injective functions, which must throw an exception  see the class Javadoc for more discussion about function properties).Example
In Apache SIS implementation, converters fromString
toNumber
distinguish two kinds of unconvertible objects: Null or empty source string result in a
null
value to be returned.  All other kind of unparsable strings results in an exception to be thrown.
""
value is unconvertible but nevertheless considered as part of the converter domain, and is mapped to "no number". All other unparsable strings are considered outside the converter domain. Specified by:
apply
in interfaceFunction<S,
T>  Parameters:
object
 the object to convert, ornull
. Returns:
 the converted object, or
null
.  Throws:
UnconvertibleObjectException
 if the given object is not an element of the function domain.
 Null or empty source string result in a

inverse
Returns a converter capable to convert instances of T back to instances of S. Before to invoke this method, callers can verify if this converter is invertible as below:if (converter.properties().contains(FunctionProperty.INVERTIBLE)) { // Call to converter.inverse() is allowed here. }
 Returns:
 a converter for converting instances of T back to instances of S.
 Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException
 if this converter is not invertible. See Also:
